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Sulphide Paperweights for Sale


Sulphides Paperweights are those that contain cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  Often the object is surrounded by a millefiori or lampwork garland, but it may also appear alone.  The finest sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sulphides are often closely related to historical events and famous people.

Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself.  Sometimes the sulphide material is not compatible with the glass and a fracture may develop.

The technique of encasing sulphide figures in glass dates from around 1750.  Initially, the sulphides were found in glass plaques, flasks, goblets, and other objects.  Paperweights came later.  Sulphides are found in antique and modern paperweights from many factories.  Three French factories made sulphides in significant quantieies during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.  Midwest American makers also made popular designs during the same period.

You can read more about the Sulphide Paperweights in the books: If you are interested in purchasing any of these paperweights, e-mail me at: aport@paperweights.com
 
2587 Rare Baccarat 1952-1953 Experimental or Prototype Dwight Eisenhower Sulphide Paperweight.   This modern sulphide paperweight features a three dimensional figure of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.  The sulphide was made directly from a campaign medal.  The Eisenhower sulphide was the first modern sulphide paperweight made by Baccarat and was considered experimental.  It preceded the larger editions produced later.  After much experimentation, Baccarat produced an edition of 153 of these paperweights, of which 103 were on a blue ground and 50 were on a clear ground.  An unknown number of those on a clear ground were finished with a diamond-cut base.  This example has a base that has been crudely painted with blue paint, indicating to me that this is a prototype made prior to the decision to produce 103 examples with a blue ground.  At just under 3", it is also slightly larger than the regular Eisenhower weights which were 2 7/8" in diameter. 

Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself. 

Baccarat was founded in 1776 in Alsace-Lorraine with the name of Verrerie de Sainte Anne.  The original location was near the town of Baccarat.  Today the firm is known as Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.  Most collectors refer to three periods of Baccarat paperweight production.

  • 1845-1860 - Classic period
  • 1920-1934 - Dupont period
  • 1953-2002 - Modern period
This classification is definitely an over simplification.  The best millefiori and lampwork paperweights were made during the classic period (1845-1860).   Baccarat continued to make paperweights after the classic period, but little is known about the extent of the product line or who made the paperweights.  What is known is that by 1910, the offering in the catalog had dwindled to pansy paperweights, simple open concentric paperweights, and rock paperweights.  Popular lore attributes 1920-1934 Baccarat paperweights to a Mr. Dupont, who supposedly was the last worker at Baccarat to know the secrets of paperweight making.  These paperweights were sold at a Baccarat retail shop in Paris. No collector or scholar ever met Mr. Dupont although at least one visited the Baccarat factory and asked to meet with him.  The weights stopped appearing in the shop in 1934.

New research of the Baccarat archives has identified the actual makers during the Dupont period as Joseph Boyé (1877-1948)and Louis Idoux (1882-1941).  Boyé is recorded as the maker of millefiori canes and millefiori paperweights during this period (1920-1934). Very little is known about Mr. Boyé, but there is enough similarity in the millefiori canes to suggest that he had access to the original molds or some of the original millefiori canes from the classic period.  He later trained another glassworker, Georges Brocard, to make open concentric paperweights in 1946.  Armed with this knowledge, Brocard was influential in the revival of paperweight making at Baccarat in the 1950s.  Louis Idoux is recorded as making the Baccarat pansy paperweights during the 1920-1934 period.

In 1952, Paul Jokelson approached Baccarat with the idea of making sulphide paperweights again.  In 1953 Baccarat resumed paperweight production with a series of sulphide paperweights the first of which were the unsuccessful Eisenhower sulphide followed by the Queen Elizabeth coronation sulphide.  Millefiori paperweight production was resumed in 1957 and lampwork paperweights were re-introduced in the early 1970s.  Baccarat stopped making this type of fine glass paperweights in 2002.

You can read more about the Baccarat paperweights in the new book Baccarat Paperweights - two centuries of beauty by Paul Dunlop or one of the older books on paperweights in general, such as The Encyclopedia of Glass Paperweights by Paul Hollister or World Paperweights by Robert Hall.

Large Size:  Just under 3" diameter by 2" high.    The base is slightly convex and has been crudely painted with blue paint. 
Signature:  Unsigned but I guarantee that this is an original Baccarat product or prototype.  With the exception of the paint on the base, it matches known images of the Baccarat Eisenhower sulphide.     
Condition:   Good condition.  The paperweight has some scratches on the dome.  Although I believe this is a prototype created to illustrate a blue ground, the paint could be removed with a solvent.  There is plenty of glass and it could be polished to remove the scratches.   
 

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: 

Large picture of the paperweight
Close-up view
Profile view
Base
Side view
$95 postage paid in the US.       

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
Rare Baccarat 1952-1953 Experimental or Prototype Dwight Eisenhower Sulphide Paperweight
4946 Baccarat 1953 Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip Sulphide Coronation Sulphide Paperweight with Rose Base.  dated 1953.  This modern sulphide paperweight features a three dimensional figure of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.  The sulphide figure was modeled by Gilbert Poillerat and is signed at the base of the sulphide with an incised "G. POILLERAT".  It was issued to commemorate the coronation of the Queen on June 2, 1953. This paperweight was the first 20th century production sulphide made by Baccarat and marked the return of Baccarat to the production of paperweights.    

As with most Baccarat sulphides of this period, the Coronation sulphide was issued with a number of overlays and different base treatments.  There were 195 overlays (rose and white and blue and white) and 1,492 non-overlay weights, of which only 180 had a uncut rose colored base like this example. 

Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself. 

Baccarat was founded in 1776 in Alsace-Lorraine with the name of Verrerie de Sainte Anne.  The original location was near the town of Baccarat.  Today the firm is known as Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.  Most collectors refer to three periods of Baccarat paperweight production.

  • 1845-1860 - Classic period
  • 1920-1934 - Dupont period
  • 1953-2002 - Modern period
This classification is definitely an over simplification.  The best millefiori and lampwork paperweights were made during the classic period (1845-1860).   Baccarat continued to make paperweights after the classic period, but little is known about the extent of the product line or who made the paperweights.  What is known is that by 1910, the offering in the catalog had dwindled to pansy paperweights, simple open concentric paperweights, and rock paperweights.  Popular lore attributes 1920-1934 Baccarat paperweights to a Mr. Dupont, who supposedly was the last worker at Baccarat to know the secrets of paperweight making.  These paperweights were sold at a Baccarat retail shop in Paris. No collector or scholar ever met Mr. Dupont although at least one visited the Baccarat factory and asked to meet with him.  The weights stopped appearing in the shop in 1934.

New research of the Baccarat archives has identified the actual makers during the Dupont period as Joseph Boyé (1877-1948)and Louis Idoux (1882-1941).  Boyé is recorded as the maker of millefiori canes and millefiori paperweights during this period (1920-1934). Very little is known about Mr. Boyé, but there is enough similarity in the millefiori canes to suggest that he had access to the original molds or some of the original millefiori canes from the classic period.  He later trained another glassworker, Georges Brocard, to make open concentric paperweights in 1946.  Armed with this knowledge, Brocard was influential in the revival of paperweight making at Baccarat in the 1950s.  Louis Idoux is recorded as making the Baccarat pansy paperweights during the 1920-1934 period.

In 1952, Paul Jokelson approached Baccarat with the idea of making sulphide paperweights again.  In 1953 Baccarat resumed paperweight production with a series of sulphide paperweights the first of which were the unsuccessful Eisenhower sulphide followed by the Queen Elizabeth coronation sulphide.  Millefiori paperweight production was resumed in 1957 and lampwork paperweights were re-introduced in the early 1970s.  Baccarat stopped making this type of fine glass paperweights in 2002.

You can read more about the Baccarat paperweights in the new book Baccarat Paperweights - two centuries of beauty by Paul Dunlop or one of the older books on paperweights in general, such as The Encyclopedia of Glass Paperweights by Paul Hollister or World Paperweights by Robert Hall.

Large Size:  Just over 2 11/16" diameter by just over 1 5/8" high.    The rose colored base is ground flat. 
Signature:  The weight is engraved "BACCARAT 1953" on the side near the base.  The sulphide is signed with an incised "G. POILLERAT" on the edge.   
Condition:   Very good condition.  The only damage found was a pinprick on the dome (marked with an arrow in one of the pictures) and scratches on the base (shown in another picture).  
 

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: 

Large picture of the paperweight
Close-up view
Profile view
Base
Baccarat 1955 engraved on side near base
G. POILLERAT incised on sulphide
Pinprick on dome
SOLD.                         

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
3117 Magnum Antique English Green Glass Dump Paperweight with Sulphide Goat.   circa 1840-1900.   This unusual glass paperweight is made of green bottle glass and contains a sulphide of what appears to be a goat with horns.  There is also a flowerpot on the bottom of the type typically find in floral dumps.  I have no idea why the maker put that in.  The goat sulphide has many small and larger bubbles on its surface.  These were trapped when the sulphide was inserted.  Unknown maker and age.  It has considerable surface wear and scratches.  Also base wear consistent with its age and two small circular impact marks.  No cracks or chips (other than the two impact marks).  There are many fine bubbles in the glass.  A great addition to a collection of old English paperweights.

Green glass paperweights, mantle ornaments and doorstops originated as early as 1820 and continued to be made as late as 1914.  They are made from green and blue bottle glass in factories founded by John Kilner of Wakefield and other bottle makers in the Midlands and Northern regions of England.  There are articles on this topic in 2002, 2003 and 2005 annual bulletins of the Paperweight Collectors Association.  You can also read about them in Old English Paperweights by Robert Hall.  Often referred to as green dumps, the most desirable are those with well executed floral designs, sulphide inclusions, or colored flowers.  Even more desirable is a signed example.  Since they are made form bottle glass, these paperweights often show signs of rough handling with chips or internal fractures.

Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself.  The sulphide can also have larger bubbles if the maker was not careful, as is the case with this example.

Note:  I had difficulty getting good pictures of this paperweight, because of the bubbles in the glass and the wear on the surface. 

Very Large Size:   3 1/2" tall by just under 3 1/4" diameter. 
Condition:  Good condition.  As is typical for this type of paperweight, it has surface and base wear and scratches.  It also has two small circular impact marks.  No cracks or chips (other than the two impact marks).  The bottom has a the remnants of the pontil mark and also has considerable wear. 
Signature:  Unsigned, but I guarantee this is an antique English paperweight. 

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: 

Large picture of the paperweight
Closeup of sulphide
Side view
Back view
Closeup of back
Base
Side view
Surface with scratches and impact mark
$225 postage paid in the US.                    

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
Large Antique English Green Glass Dump Paperweight with Sulphide Goat
3144
Modern St. Louis Sulphide Amour Paperweight.   Circa 1979.  This is a modern St. Louis sulphide paperweight featuring a ceramic image of cupid set on a opaque pink ground and surrounded by a garland of lampwork flowers with millefiori centers.  The paperweight was issued in a limited edition of 400 in 1979.  It is faceted with a large top facet and six side facets.  It is signed on the bottom with a millefiori signature "SL 1979".

The conceptual design for the paperweight was Linda Pope-Selman.  Gilbert Poillerat sculpted the model for the image of cupid.  The sulphide bears the title AMOUR and the initials of the sculptor (GP).

Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself.  Sometimes the sulphide material is not compatible with the glass and a fracture may develop. 

Large Size:  Just under 3 1/8" diameter by 1 5/8" high.  The bottom is ground concave.
Signature: Signed with a complex millefiori cane "SL 1979" on the bottom. 
Condition:  Excellent condition with no no cracks or chips.  No scratches found on inspection. 
Execution:  Perfect execution.

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links:

Large picture of the paperweight
Close-up view
Profile View
Signature cane on bottom
SOLD

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
4950 Baccarat 1970 President James Monroe Sulphide on Red Ground.    issued in 1970.  This modern sulphide paperweight features a three dimensional figure of President James Monroe.  The sulphide was modeled in 1955 by Gilbert Poillerat and is signed on the edge of the sulphide with an incised "G. POILLERAT 1955", but the paperweight was not issued until 1970.  The paperweight also has a "B" incised on the edge of the sulphide and an acid etched Baccarat mark on the base.  This example has a red base with no cutting on the base.  The paperweight is faceted with one large top facet and six side facets and is footed. 

As with most Baccarat sulphides of this period, this paperweight was made with an overlay and also different base treatments.  According to Dunlop, this paperweight was issued with a transparent green overlay (415 made) and 2733 examples on a red base with various base cuts.   

James Monroe was the fifth president of the United States.  He served from 1817 to 1825 (two terms).

Sulphides are cast objects (animals, flowers, people) made of a ceramic material that has properties similar to the surrounding glass.  They are normally white, but are also sometimes colored or even painted.  The objects are cast in a mold that copied or made directly from a medallion, coin or sculpture.  The finest French sulphides are cast in a mold made by a skilled artist.  Sometimes a sulphide will have a silvery appearance due to a thin layer of trapped bubbles between the glass and the sulphide itself. 

Baccarat was founded in 1776 in Alsace-Lorraine with the name of Verrerie de Sainte Anne.  The original location was near the town of Baccarat.  Today the firm is known as Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat.  Most collectors refer to three periods of Baccarat paperweight production. 

  • 1845-1860 - Classic period
  • 1920-1934 - Dupont period
  • 1953-2002 - Modern period
This classification is definitely an over simplification.  The best millefiori and lampwork paperweights were made during the classic period (1845-1860).   Baccarat continued to make paperweights after the classic period, but little is known about the extent of the product line or who made the paperweights.  What is known is that by 1910, the offering in the catalog had dwindled to pansy paperweights, simple open concentric paperweights, and rock paperweights.  Popular lore attributes 1920-1934 Baccarat paperweights to a Mr. Dupont, who supposedly was the last worker at Baccarat to know the secrets of paperweight making.  These paperweights were sold at a Baccarat retail shop in Paris. No collector or scholar ever met Mr. Dupont although at least one visited the Baccarat factory and asked to meet with him.  The weights stopped appearing in the shop in 1934.

In 1952, Paul Jokelson approached Baccarat with the idea of making sulphide paperweights again.  In 1953 Baccarat resumed paperweight production with a series of sulphide paperweights the first of which were the unsuccessful Eisenhower sulphide followed by the Queen Elizabeth coronation sulphide.  Millefiori paperweight production was resumed in 1957 and lampwork paperweights were re-introduced in the early 1970s.  Baccarat stopped making this type of fine glass paperweights in 2002.

You can read more about the Baccarat paperweights in the new book Baccarat Paperweights - two centuries of beauty by Paul Dunlop or one of the older books on paperweights in general, such as The Encyclopedia of Glass Paperweights by Paul Hollister or World Paperweights by Robert Hall.

Large Size:  2 13/16" diameter by just under 1 1/2" high.    The red transparent base is ground flat.  The paperweight is faceted with one large top facet and six side facets and is footed. 
Signature:  The paperweight has a "B" incised on the edge of the sulphide and an acid etched Baccarat mark on the base.  The sulphide is also signed with an incised "G. POILLERAT 1955" on the edge.   
Condition:   Excellent condition.  I found no damage except for minor wear on the base.  There is, however, a bubble or striation or a piece of debris in the glass below the surface.  This does not look like damage (see the picture with red arrow).

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: 

Large picture of the paperweight
Close-up view
Profile view
Base
Baccarat mark on base
G. POILLERAT 1955 incised on sulphide
B incised on sulphide and bubble or striation below surface of glass
$49 postage paid in the US.                       

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
Baccarat 1970 President James Monroe Sulphide on Red Ground
2132
Antique Clichy Sulphide Paperweight of Victoria and Albert. circa 1851.  Clichy Sulphide paperweight featuring Queen Victoria (1819-1901) and Prince Albert (1819-1861).  The sulphide is fairly high in the dome of the paperweight and is over a clear ground.  A wonderful example. 

A variation of this paperweight on a red colored ground and attributed to Clichy recently sold at a well known paperweight auction for $1,100 plus a 20% bidders premium.  At my asking price, this is a bargain for a paperweight in perfect condition.

The Clichy factory was founded at Billancourt near Paris in 1837.  Shortly after that it moved to Clichy-la-Garenne, which gave the factory its best known name.  They stayed in operation until about the 1870s. 

It is believed that this paperweight may have been made for the 1851 Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in London.  Prince Albert conceived of the exhibition which was considered the first world's fair.  The exhibition was intended to advance the arts and sciences. 

The precise origin of this sulphide paperweight remains elusive. The Bergstrom Mahler Museum has an identical paperweight which they attribute to Clichy.  The Art Institute of Chicago has a version in which the sulphide was colored before being encased.  This paperweight, attributed to Clichy, was included in the 1978 Corning Museum of Glass "Paperweights - Flowers which clothe the meadows" exhibition.  The Jokelson Collection had a variation with an uncolored (white) sulphide over a green ground.  The Jokelson paperweight is also attributed to Clichy.  Most authors agree with the Clichy attribution, but there are some authors who attribute the paperweight to Baccarat in France and even to the New England Glass Company in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

Ignore the glare from the lights.  It was difficult to photograph this paperweight due to the brilliance of the glass.  The sulphide is white but I have included some low light pictures to show the detail. 

Size:  Just over 2 3/4" diameter by just over 1 3/4" high.  The base is ground flat. 
Condition:  Outstanding condition.  No chips, cracks or scratches.  The paperweight has been professionally restored. 
Signature:  Unsigned, but I guarantee this to be an authentic antique paperweight, most likely from Clichy in France.  Circa 1851 
Execution:  Perfect, although there are some tiny bubbles in the glass. 

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links: 

Large picture of the paperweight
Closeup View
Another Closeup View 
Profile View
$945 postage paid in the US.

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image
2228
Antique New England Glass Company Sulphide Paperweight of Lajos Kossuth. circa 1851.  Antique Sulphide paperweight featuring Lajos Kossuth, former Governor-President of Hungary.  It is inscribed on the back "EX-GOVERNOR OF HUNGARY SET AT LIBERTY BY THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1851".

Kossuth was a political reformer who fought for liberty for Hungary and held the office of Governor-President from April 14 to August 11, 1849.  He was appointed to this position after the declaration of Hungarian independence from the Hapsburg Monarchy.  He was widely honored during his lifetime as a freedom fighter and advocate of democracy in Europe.  He demanded parliamentary government for Hungary and constitutional government for the rest of Austria. After abdicating the post of Governor-President he was effectively under house arrest until he was allowed to leave the Ottoman Empire in September 1851 on the American frigate Mississippi.  He then toured Britain and the United States in a futile effort to get support for his cause.  He won favor in New England and souvenirs and other commemorative items were created to celebrate his visit.  This paperweight was probably one of the commemorative objects created around the time of his visit.  Some authors suggest the inscription refers to US support of his cause.  Instead, I think it may refer to his rescue from house arrest by the US. 

New England Glass Company (NEGC) operated in Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1818 to 1888.  You can read about paperweights from the New England Glass Company in the book by Hawley, The Art of the Paperweight  - The Boston & Sandwich and New England Glass Companies

Most texts attribute this paperweight to the New England Glass Factory.  It is believed that this paperweight may have been made for the 1851 Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in London.  However, the attribution is subject to challenge and the precise origin of this sulphide paperweight remains elusive.  The Bergstrom Mahler Museum has an identical paperweight which they attribute to Clichy.  Hawley attributes this to NEGC in his 1997 book The Art of the Paperweight  - The Boston & Sandwich and New England Glass Companies.  However, in his latest 2011 book on NEGC, he states that no firm evidence exists for this attribution, except that the specific gravity and fluorescence match that of NEGC.  Hollister discusses this paperweight in his Encyclopedia of Glass Paperweights and also states that their is no firm evidence tying the paperweight to NEGC or any other factory.  My own opinion is that the glass quality is more typical of NEGC than the French factories.  It may have originated in Europe or at another American factory.

Ignore the glare from the lights.  It was difficult to photograph this paperweight.  The sulphide is white. 

Size:  2 9/16" diameter by 1 11/16" high.  The base is ground concave.
Condition:  Outstanding condition.  No chips, cracks or scratches.  The paperweight has been professionally restored.
Signature:  Unsigned, but I guarantee this to be an authentic antique paperweight, most likely from the New England Glass Company in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  Circa 1851
Execution:  Very good, although there are striations and bubbles in the glass.  Some of the Kossuth Sulphides have the name KOSSUTH on the edge.  It is not visible on this example. 

For extra pictures, click on the picture at the right and the following links:

Large picture of the paperweight
Close-up View
View of Back
Profile View
$295 postage paid in the US.

Click on the picture to see a larger image.

Click on the picture to see a larger image

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Revised 11/23/2018